Perryville lies in the graceful rolling hills of central Kentucky. A small town on the banks of the Chaplin River, this ideal village was abruptly hurled into history in October 1862, when it became the site for the largest Civil War battle in Kentucky.

The fall in 1862 was one of the driest in the history for the state of Kentucky. Armed forces hunted for any source of water. Perryville is situated at a confluence of roads leading to Harrodsburg, Danville, and Lexington. Rumors abounded there was abundant water in Chaplin River, which splits the town.